Development of a Progressive Failure Finite Element Analysis For a Braided Composite Fuselage Frame

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Virginia Tech

Short, J-section columns fabricated from a textile composite are tested in axial compression to study the modes of failure with and without local buckling occuring.The textile preform architecture is a 2x2, 2-D triaxial braid with a yarn layup of [0 deg 18k/+-64 deg 6k] 39.7% axial. The preform was resin transfer molded with 3M PR500 epoxy resin. Finite element analyses (FEA) of the test specimens are conducted to assess intra- and inter- laminar progressive failure models. These progressive failure models are then implemented in a FEA of a circular fuselage frame of the same cross section and material for which test data was available. This circular frame test article had a nominal radius of 120 inches, a forty-eight degree included angle, and was subjected to a quasi-static, radially inward load, which represented a crash type loading of the frame. The short column test specimens were cut from some of the fuselage frames. The branched shell finite element model of the frame included geometric nonlinearity and contact of the load platen of the testing machine with the frame. Intralaminar progressive failure is based on a maximum in-plane stress failure criterion followed by a moduli degradation scheme. Interlaminar progressive failure was implemented using an interface finite element to model delamination initiation and the progression of delamination cracks. Inclusion of both the intra- and inter- laminar progressive failure models in the FEA of the frame correlated reasonably well with the load-displacement response from the test through several major failure events.

fuselage frame, progressive failure, delamination, J-section frame, triaxial braid, crashworthiness, postbuckling