Mass transfer from non-aqueous phase liquids to the aqueous phase in groundwater systems

dc.contributor.authorJayaraman, Krithika M.en
dc.contributor.committeechairParker, Jack C.en
dc.contributor.committeememberDietrich, Andrea M.en
dc.contributor.committeememberGallagher, Daniel L.en
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Engineeringen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:27:06Zen
dc.date.adate2010-01-12en
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:27:06Zen
dc.date.issued1992-07-05en
dc.date.rdate2010-01-12en
dc.date.sdate2010-01-12en
dc.description.abstractAs immiscible organic contaminants migrate through the subsurface environment, a significant portion of non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL's) is trapped by capillary forces and remains in the subsurface as immobile blobs or ganglia. Residual saturations of NAPL on the order of 5-30 percent have been observed in saturated subsurface systems. The NAPL can partition into the aqueous phase and serve as a long-term source of groundwater contamination. NAPL-aqueous mass transfer rates impact the distribution and the rate of movement of the contaminant within the subsurface. The mass transfer coefficient is a function of many variables including aqueous phase velocity and NAPL-aqueous interfacial area. A one-dimensional column apparatus and experimental procedure was developed to study the nature of mass transfer between the aqueous phase (water), and a non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) in porous media. The NAPLs used in the experiments were composed of soluble and insoluble (inert) compounds. These experiments were designed to investigate the aqueous mass transfer of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene from and inert compound (soltrol or hexadecane). The results of this research indicate that the rate of NAPL-aqueous interphase mass transfer increases as a function of increasing aqueous phase velocity and percent NAPL saturation. Miller's equation was used to compare the model performance. Comparison of the experimental K values obtained by the literature was performed. The results indicated a satisfactory model performance.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.extentviii, 131 leavesen
dc.format.mediumBTDen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.otheretd-01122010-020214en
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-01122010-020214/en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/40620en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V855_1992.J393.pdfen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 26812957en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1992.J393en
dc.subject.lcshGroundwateren
dc.subject.lcshMass transferen
dc.titleMass transfer from non-aqueous phase liquids to the aqueous phase in groundwater systemsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Planningen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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