Service and Ultimate Limit State Flexural Behavior of One-Way Concrete Slabs Reinforced with Corrosion-Resistant Reinforcing Bars
This paper presents results of an experimental investigation to study the structural performance and deformability of a concrete bridge deck reinforced with corrosion resistant reinforcing (CRR) bars, i.e., bars that exhibit improved corrosion resistance when embedded in concrete as compared to traditional black steel. Flexural tests of one-way slabs were conducted to simulate negative transverse flexure over a bridge girder as assumed in the commonly employed strip design method. The bar types studied were Grade 60 (uncoated), epoxy-coated reinforcing (ECR, Grade 60), Enduramet 32 stainless steel, 2304 stainless steel, MMFX2, and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP). The experimental program was designed to evaluate how a one-to-one replacement of the Grade 60 with CRR, a reduction of concrete top clear cover, and a reduction in bar quantities in the bridge deck top mat influences flexural performance at service and ultimate limit states. Moment-curvature predictions from the computer-based sectional analysis program Response 2000 were consistent with the tested results, demonstrating its viability for use with high strength and non-metallic bar without a defined yield plateau.
Deformability of the concrete slab-strip specimens was defined with ultimate-to-service level ratios of midspan deflection and curvature. The MMFX2 and Enduramet 32 one-to-one replacement specimens had deformability consistent with the Grade 60 controls, demonstrating that bridge deck slabs employing high strength reinforcement without a defined yield plateau can still provide sufficient ductility at an ultimate limit state. A reduction in bar quantity and cover provided acceptable levels of ductility for the 2304 specimens and MMFX2 reinforced slabs.