Measurement and modelling of errors for relaying current transformers and voltage transformers

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Virginia Tech

A measurement tool has been developed to estimate errors in relaying current transformers and voltage transformers. The tool has been developed to collect data in a substation and send it to a remote location over a telephone line. Different schemes were evaluated and tested in the laboratory. The final choice was made on the basis of the hardware and transmission cost constraints.

The measurement unit was developed using hardware similar to that used in a computer relay. The signals from the current and voltage transducers were sampled using a microprocessor and an analog to digital converter in real-time. The measurement device has been installed in the field. The data from the field was collected remotely and analyzed in the Virginia Tech Power Systems laboratory. The analysis of the data is presented at the end.