A comparative study of two groups of high school women graduates, one with and the other without home economics education in high school

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Virginia Polytechnic Institute

This investigation is a study of adjustment and home management practices of two groups of homemakers, those with and without the economics education in high school. The two groups were compared for (1) home management practices, (2) adjustment of homemaker and husband, and (3) homemaking adequacy as reflected in certain practices.

Subjects used were 31 young married homemakers living in Richmond, Virginia, all graduates of Richmond High Schools in 1949-50, none of whom attended college. Subjects were divided into two groups; Group I , 18 homemakers who studied home economics in high school; Group II, includes 13 homemakers without home economics training.

The data, collected during 1958 through the interview method, include (1) interests, problems and attitudes of homemakers , (2) personality inventories, and (3) husband’s opinion of wife as a homemaker.

The two groups were similar in age, number of children, leisure time, social activities and home relations. Household activities and husbands opinion of his wife as a homemaker of subjects in Group I were rated superior to those in Group Il.

Group I subjects felt that a wider range of subject matter in their high school home economics courses would have been beneficial.

Group I subjects considered 13 of 42 problem items used to be problems significantly more often than subjects in Group II. In 10 of 25 possible interest items listed, Group I homemakers expressed a significantly high interest.

Significantly better scores were received by Group I subjects than by Group II subjects on the Johnson Temperament Analysis for four traits, and by Group II on two traits. Husbands temperament scores were similar to their wives.