Effect of calcium level and source on plasma total and lipoprotein cholesterol in men under controlled dietary conditions

dc.contributor.authorKoenig, Vicki C.en
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition and Foodsen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-01T14:44:51Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-01T14:44:51Zen
dc.date.issued1987en
dc.description.abstractA metabolic study was conducted with 23 men to determine the effects on plasma lipids and lipoproteins of a high calcium intake from two sources compared to a normal level of calcium intake over an eight week controlled feeding period. Three diet treatments were examined: 1) high dietary calcium mainly from dairy sources (1600-1800 mg/day), 2) high dietary calcium supplied by a CaCO₃ supplement (1600-1800 mg/day), and 3) normal dietary calcium intake from mixed sources (600-800 mg/day). Fat, carbohydrate and protein were provided in the ratio of percent kcal as 40:49:11. Nutrient, cholesterol levels (500 mg) and polyunsaturated to saturated (P/S) fatty acid ratio (0.446) were held constant for all diet treatments. There were no significant differences between treatments or across time in plasma TC, LDL, HDL or VLDL-cholesterol. Levels remained similar throughout the controlled diet treatment and the pre- and post-treatment periods. At the level of fat content and P/S ratio tested, there was no hypocholesterolemic effect of elevated calcium intake on plasma lipids.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.extentx, 116 leavesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/64565en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 16679269en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1987.K64en
dc.subject.lcshCalcium -- Metabolismen
dc.subject.lcshLipoproteinsen
dc.subject.lcshCholesterol -- Metabolismen
dc.titleEffect of calcium level and source on plasma total and lipoprotein cholesterol in men under controlled dietary conditionsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition and Foodsen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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