Effect of tip-speed ratio on induced velocities near a lifting rotor

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Virginia Polytechnic Institute


A theoretical investigation of the asymmetry of induced flow in the vicinity of a lifting rotor in forward flight has been conducted. The analysis is based upon an asymmetric wake which is a logical extension of that used for previous investigations. Equations for the induced velocities at an arbitrary point in space are presented in a form suitable for numerical integration. Numerical results for the normal induced velocity in the lateral plane of the rotor are presented in the form of tables and charts. Comparison with previously available measurements indicates an improvement in accuracy over older theories. The results should be useful in estimating the interference between wing and rotor of compound helicopters and convertiplanes. In addition the results should be applicable to the problem of mutual interference between rotors of multi-rotor helicopters.