Reduction of periodic systems with partial Floquet transforms

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Virginia Tech


Input-output systems with time periodic parameters are commonly found in nature (e.g., oceanic movements) and engineered systems (e.g., vibrations due to gyroscopic forces in vehicles). In a broader sense, periodic behaviors can arise when there is a dynamic equi- librium between inertia and various balancing forces. A classic example is a structure in a steady wind or current that undergoes large oscillations due to vortex shedding or flutter. Such phenomena can have either positive or negative outcomes, like the efficient operation of wind turbines or the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge. While the systems mentioned here are typically all modeled as systems of nonlinear partial differential equations, the pe- riodic behaviors of interest typically form part of a stable "center manifold," the analysis of which prompts linearization around periodic solutions. The linearization produces linear, time periodic partial differential equations. Discretization in the spatial dimension typically produces large scale linear time-periodic systems of ordinary differential equations. The need to simulate responses to a variety of inputs motivates the development of effective model re- duction tools. We seek to address this need by investigating partial Floquet transformations, which serve to simultaneously remove the time dependence of the system and produce effec- tive reduced order models. In this thesis we describe the time-periodic analogs of important concepts for time invariant model reduction such as the transfer function and the H2 norm. Building on these concepts we present an algorithm which converges to the dominant poles of an infinite dimensional operator. These poles may then be used to produce the partial Floquet transform.



Periodic systems, Floquet transform, model reduction, dominant poles