Comparison of Creep Compliance Master Curve Models for Hot Mix Asphalt
Creep compliance of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) is an important property to characterize the material's viscoelatic behavior. It is used to predict HMA thermal cracking at low temperature and permanent deformation at high temperatures. There are several experimental methods to measure the creep compliance. Two of these methods were used in this thesis; uniaxial compressive and indirect tension (IDT) creep compliance. The tests were conducted at five temperatures (-15, 5, 20, 30, and 40°C) with a static loading for 1000-sec to characterize two typical HMA mixes used in Virginia, a base and a surface mix. Creep compliance master curves (CCMC) were developed by shifting the curves to a reference temperature using time-temperature superposition. Three mathematical functions, Prony series, power and sigmoidal, were fitted to the experimental data using regression analysis. Uniaxial CCMC were also predicted based on dynamic modulus measurements using method for interconversion of vicoelastic properties recommended in the literature. Finally, the susceptibility of the mixes to thermal cracking was evaluated based on the creep compliance measurements at low temperature.
The regression analysis showed that the three mathematical models considered are appropriate to model the CCMC over a wide ranger of reduced times. The sigmoidal model provided the best fit over the entire range of reduced times investigated. This model also produced the best results when used in the interconversion procedures. However, there were noticeable differences between the CCMC predicted using interconversion and the experimental measurements, probably due to nonlinearity in the material behavior. The m-values for the base mix were higher using the creep results measured with both configurations.