Simulator test and evaluation of a drowsy driver detection system and revisions to drowsiness detection algorithms

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Virginia Tech


This study was undertaken to simulator test and evaluate a complete drowsy driver detection system. The goal of the study was to recommend optimal specifications for a system to be further studied in an actual vehicle. The system used a set of algorithms developed from previously collected data and a set of previously optimized advisory tones, advisory messages, alarm stimuli, and drowsiness countermeasures. Detection occurred if eye closure or lane excursion exceeded predetermined thresholds. Data were obtained from six sleep-deprived subjects who drove a motion base automobile simulator late at night. Each subject was trained in carefully observing lane boundaries, using a device which sounded an alarm if lane boundaries were exceeded.

The performance aspect of the system dominated the detection process. None of the algorithms tracked well with the measures they were designed to estimate; correlations were much lower than expected. The algorithms relied heavily on the positioning of the vehicle relative to the lane.



test and evaluation, alarms, detection, driver performance, driver drowsiness, algorithm development