Selective Laser Melting of Finemet Soft Magnetic Material


TR Number



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Virginia Tech


Soft magnetic materials have been widely used in electric motors, routers, and detectors. Tremendous studies have been conducted to report microstructural features corresponding to magnetic performance. The laser-based powder bed fusion (L-PBF) additive manufacturing technique was implemented to bulk-scale fabricate the Finemet nanocrystalline magnetic alloy. This research study aims to reveal the capability of replacing the traditional melt spinning process with decent bulk density and magnetic properties. Nanocrystalline materials originate from optimizing amorphous metallic alloys, resulting in low coercivity and high saturation magnetization by facilitating the formation of nanocrystals. An extremely high cooling rate is the foundational factor for controlling the microstructure. Selective Laser Melting (SLM) offers a layer thickness of 20-100 µm, naturally providing a cooling rate of 105 - 107 K/s. Subsequent melting will impact the microstructure by conducting heat continuously through the melt pools. The relationship between microstructural features and crystalline phase characterization is discussed. Magnetic characterization, in terms of saturation magnetization and coercivity, with various processing parameters, is investigated.



Finemet Soft Magnetic Material FeSiBCuNb