Channel Estimation Strategies for Coded MIMO Systems

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Virginia Tech

High transmission data rate, spectral efficiency, and reliability are necessary for future wireless communications systems. In a multipath-rich wireless channel, deploying multiple antennas at both the transmitter and receiver achieves high data rate, without increasing the total transmission power or bandwidth. When perfect knowledge of the wireless channel conditions is available at the receiver, the capacity has been shown to grow linearly with the number of antennas. However, the channel conditions must be estimated since perfect channel knowledge is never known a priori. In practice, the channel estimation procedure can be aided by transmitting pilot symbols that are known at the receiver. System performance depends on the quality of channel estimate, and the number of pilot symbols. It is desirable to limit the number of transmitted pilot symbols because pilot symbols reduce spectral efficiency.

This thesis analyzes the system performance of coded multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems for the quasi-static fading channel. The assumption that perfect channel knowledge is available at the receiver must be removed, in order to more accurately examine the system performance. Emphasis is placed on developing channel estimation strategies for an iterative Vertical Bell-Labs Layered Space Time (V-BLAST) architecture. The channel estimate can be sequentially improved between successive iterations of the iterative V-BLAST algorithm. For both the coded and uncoded systems, at high signal to noise ratio only a minimum number of pilot symbols per transmit antenna are required to achieve perfect channel knowledge performance.

MIMO, Quasi-Static Fading, Channel Estimation, V-BLAST