Instrumented Response and Multilayer Modeling of Cold-Central Plant Recycled Pavement Section

TR Number



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Virginia Tech


During the last two decades, environmental awareness and climate change concerns have encouraged and supported the implementation of recycled techniques in the Transportation Infrastructure Industry for rehabilitating and constructing pavements in the United States. Besides that, pavement roads are public goods that bring economic and social benefits to all countries. Therefore, assessing the pavement structural condition is essential to understand the performance of new materials and determine actions for conservation, maintenance, or rehabilitation. In-situ Pavement monitoring through embedded instrumentation is a type of monitoring technique, which uses several sensors installed within the pavement to obtain the structural responses used in Mechanical-Empirical design to control the performance and define asset management plans. This thesis presents the instrumented response of a Recycled Pavement Section on the Interstate 64 (located in Virginia, USA) to analyze the actual pavement responses (strain and stress) under real traffic and environmental conditions. Several sensors were installed during the construction (including strain gauges, pressure cells, thermocouples, and TDR probes), and two recycling techniques were used (CCPR and Full Depth Reclamation (FDR)) in this project. The Instrumented Recycled Pavement Section analyzed in this research was tested during five months in 2019 to evaluate the effect of temperature, sensor location, and load configuration on the pavement responses collected in the field.

During the tests, three loaded trucks ran over the instrumented section. The results showed that the pavement structure is working properly, the stress responses decreased with depth, the maximum strain over the months was compared, and the temperature effect was addressed. Nevertheless, the stress and strain data obtained in each test presented a large variability because it is difficult to control the position where the trucks are passing during this type of experiment. Furthermore, the measured strains were useful to develop a calibrated pavement structural model, which showed that the pavement is expected to have a long structural service life.



Cold-central-plant-recycling (CCPR), Full-Depth-Reclamation (FDR), Recycling, Instrumentation, Pavement Response, Sensor