The effect of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and an IGF-I-like factor secreted by human lung fibroblasts, on the growth of human lung carcinoma cells in vitro

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Virginia Tech


The concentration of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in tissue taken from human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is 1.4- to 7-fold higher than the concentration of IGF-I in the surrounding normal lung tissue and therefore IGF-I may be involved in the growth of NSCLC. In this study it was determined that NSCLC cell lines (A549, A427, SK-LU-1) expressed the type I IGF-I receptor protein and IGF-I stimulated the proliferation of low density plated (2000 cells/cm² growth area) carcinoma cells by 1.6- to 3- fold above control after a four day inCUbation period under serum-free conditions (A549, A427) or in the presence of 0.25% serum (SK-LU-1). In addition, when added to detergent-solubilized type I IGF receptors from A549 cells, IGF-I stimulated [1] a dose-dependent increase in the autophosphorylation of the type I IGF receptor, and [2] a dose-dependent increase (1.5- to 4-fold) in the phosphorylation of a tyrosine kinase-specific substrate. These results suggest that the growth promoting activity of IGF-I for the lung carcinoma cells was mediated through the activation of the type I IGF receptor.