A study of the vein copper mineralization of the Virgilina district, Virginia and North Carolina

dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Neil Evanen
dc.contributor.departmentGeologyen
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-30T21:02:30Zen
dc.date.available2017-01-30T21:02:30Zen
dc.date.issued1983en
dc.description.abstractThe Virgilina District, which occurs in the Carolina Slate Belt of Virginia and North Carolina, produced over 300,000 tons of copper and significant amounts of silver and gold between 1852 and 1916. A detailed examination of the ore and gangue mineralization from the district reveals that the ores display two stages of hypogene deposition and a significant phase of supergene alteration. Hypogene mineralization, in decreasing order of consists of bornite, chalcocite/djurleite, an ilite, digenite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, magnetite, ilmenite, rutile, hessite, and gold (fineness 850). Supergene mineralization, in decreasing order of abundance is malachite, covellite, cuprite, digenite, hematite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite/ djurleite, azurite, spion kopite, and yarrowite. This represents the first reported occurrence of djurleite, anilite, hessite, spionkopite, and yarrowite in the area. Lamellar intergrowths of anilite and djurleite on their close packed planes, myrmekitic intergrowths of bornite and chalcocite/djurleite, coexisting chalcocite and djurleite, and gradational transitions from an-ilite to digenite were determined to have formed by secondary hypogene reactions that removed iron and sulfur from the bornite and increased the copper: sulfur ratio, which shifted the Cu-S binary phases towards copper and produced the described textures and intergrowths. The nature of the source of ore fluids and the timing of the mineralization are not known precisely. Fragments of wall rock contained within the veins with schistosity at an angle to the regional schistosity constrain the veins to be post-Taconic, and the metals are likely derived in part from the metamorphosed mafic volcanics in the area.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.extentvii, 195 leavesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/74493en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 11035976en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1983.J645en
dc.subject.lcshCopper mines and mining -- Virginiaen
dc.subject.lcshCopper mines and mining -- North Carolinaen
dc.subject.lcshGeology -- Virginiaen
dc.subject.lcshGeology -- North Carolinaen
dc.titleA study of the vein copper mineralization of the Virgilina district, Virginia and North Carolinaen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
thesis.degree.disciplineGeologyen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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