Irrigator Responses to Changes in Water Availability in Idaho's Snake River Plain

dc.contributor.authorChance, Eric Wilsonen
dc.contributor.committeechairCobourn, Kelly M.en
dc.contributor.committeechairThomas, Valerie A.en
dc.contributor.committeememberMcGuire, Kevin J.en
dc.contributor.committeememberWynne, Randolph H.en
dc.contributor.departmentForest Resources and Environmental Conservationen
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-19T08:02:40Zen
dc.date.available2017-07-19T08:02:40Zen
dc.date.issued2017-07-18en
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding irrigator responses to previous changes in water availability is critical to building effective institutions that allow for efficient and resilient management of water resources in the face of potentially increasing scarcity due to climate change. Using remote sensing data, I examined irrigator responses to seasonal changes in water availability in Idaho's Snake River Plain over the past 33 years. Google Earth Engine's high performance cloud computing and big data processing capabilities were used to compare the performance of three spectral indices, three compositing algorithms and two sensors for 2002 and 2007 for distinguishing between irrigated and non-irrigated parcels. We demonstrate that, on average, the seasonal-maximum algorithm yields a 60% reduction in county scale root mean square error (RMSE) over the accepted single-date approach. We use the best performing classification method, a binary threshold of the seasonal maximum of the Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI), to identify irrigated and non-irrigated lands in Idaho's Snake River Basin for 1984-2016 using Landsat 5-8 data. NDMI of irrigated lands was found to generally increase over time, likely as a result of changes in agricultural practices increasing crop productivity. Furthermore, we find that irrigators with rights to small areas, and those with only surface water rights are more likely to have a major reduction (>25%) in irrigated area and conversely those with a large, groundwater rights are more likely to have major increases (>25%) in the extent of their irrigation.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:12377en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/78361en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectAgricultureen
dc.subjectclassification algorithmen
dc.subjectirrigationen
dc.subjectSnake River Plainen
dc.subjecttime seriesen
dc.titleIrrigator Responses to Changes in Water Availability in Idaho's Snake River Plainen
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.disciplineForestryen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen

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