2D CFD Simulation of a Circulation Control Inlet Guide Vane

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Virginia Tech


This thesis presents the results of two 2-D computational studies of a circulation control Inlet Guide Vane (IGV) that takes advantage of the Coanda effect for flow vectoring. The IGV in this thesis is an uncambered airfoil that alters circulation around itself by means of a Coanda jet that exhausts along the IGV's trailing edge surface. The IGV is designed for an axial inlet flow at a Mach number of 0.54 and an exit flow angle of 11 degrees. These conditions were selected to match the operating conditions of the 90% span section of the IGV of the TESCOM compressor rig at the Compressor Aero Research Laboratory (CARL) located at Wright-Patterson AFB. Furthermore, using the nominal chord (length from leading edge of the IGV to the jet exit) for the length scale, the Reynolds number for the circulation control IGV in this region was 5e⁵. The first study was a code and turbulence model comparison, while the second study was an optimization study which determined optimal results for parameters that affected circulation around the IGV. Individual abstracts for the two studies are provided below.

To determine the effect of different turbulence models on the prediction of turning angles from the circulation control IGV, the commercial code GASP was employed using three turbulence models. Furthermore, to show that the results from the optimization study were code independent a code comparison was completed between ADPAC and GASP using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. Turbulence models employed by GASP included: two isotropic turbulence models, the one equation Spalart-Allmaras and the two-equation Wilcox 1998 k-ω. The isotropic models were then compared to the non-isotropic stress transport model Wilcox 1998 Stress-ω. The results show good comparison between turning angle trends and pressure loss trends for a range of blowing rates studied at a constant trailing edge radius size. When the three turbulence models are compared for a range of trailing edge radii, the models were in good agreement when the trailing edge is sufficiently large. However, at the smallest radius, isotropic models predict the greatest amount of circulation around the IGV that may be caused by the prediction of transonic flow above the Coanda surface.

The optimization study employed the CFD code ADPAC in conjunction with the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model to determine the optimal jet height, trailing edge radius, and supply pressure that would meet the design criteria of the TESCOM (TESt COMpressor) rig while minimizing the mass flow rate and pressure losses. The optimal geometry that was able to meet the design requirements had a jet height of h/Cn = 0.0057 and a trailing edge Radius R/Cn = 0.16. This geometry needed a jet to inflow total pressure ratio of 1.8 to meet the exit turning angle requirement. At this supply pressure ratio the mass flow rate required by the flow control system was 0.71 percent of the total mass flow rate through the engine. The optimal circulation control IGV had slightly lower pressure losses when compared to the cambered IGV in the TESCOM rig.



Inlet Guide Vane, Circulation control