A Greedy Search Algorithm for Maneuver-Based Motion Planning of Agile Vehicles

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Virginia Tech


This thesis presents a greedy search algorithm for maneuver-based motion planning of agile vehicles. In maneuver-based motion planning, vehicle maneuvers are solved offline and saved in a library to be used during motion planning. From this library, a tree of possible vehicle states can be generated through the search space. A depth-first, library-based algorithm called AD-Lib is developed and used to quickly provide feasible trajectories along the tree. AD-Lib combines greedy search techniques with hill climbing and effective backtracking to guide the search process rapidly towards the goal. Using simulations of a four-thruster hovercraft, AD-Lib is compared to existing suboptimal search algorithms in both known and unknown environments with static obstacles. AD-Lib is shown to be faster than existing techniques, at the expense of increased path cost. The motion planning strategy of AD-Lib along with a switching controller is also tested in an environment with dynamic obstacles.



Motion Primitives, A*, Motion Planning, Heuristic Search