Validity and Repeatability of Single-Sensor Loadsol Insoles during Landing

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Clinically feasible methods for quantifying landing kinetics could help identify patients at risk for secondary anterior cruciate ligament injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and between-day repeatability of the loadsol insole during a single-hop and bilateral stop-jump. Thirty healthy recreational athletes completed seven single-hops and seven stop-jumps while simultaneous loadsol (100 Hz) and force plate (1920 Hz) measurements were recorded. Peak impact force, loading rate, and impulse were computed for the dominant limb, and limb symmetry was calculated between limbs for each measure. All outcomes were compared between the loadsol and force plate using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland–Altman plots. Fifteen participants completed a second day of testing to assess between-day repeatability of the loadsol. Finally, an additional 14 participants completed the first day of testing only to assess the validity of the newest generation loadsol, which sampled at 200 Hz. At 100 Hz, validity ICC results were moderate to excellent (0.686–0.982), and repeatability ICC results were moderate to excellent (0.616–0.928). The 200 Hz loadsol demonstrated improved validity ICC (0.765–0.987). Bland–Altman plots revealed that the loadsol underestimated load measures. However, this bias was not observed for symmetry outcomes. The loadsol device is a valid and repeatable tool for evaluating kinetics during landing.



plantar load, rehabilitation, return to sport, injury prevention, landing mechanics, symmetry


Peebles, A.T.; Maguire, L.A.; Renner, K.E.; Queen, R.M. Validity and Repeatability of Single-Sensor Loadsol Insoles during Landing. Sensors 2018, 18, 4082.