Resource Management with Smart Antenna in CDMA Systems


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Virginia Tech


Third generation (3G) mobile communication systems will provide services supporting high-speed data network and multimedia applications in addition to voice applications. The Smart antenna technique is one of the leading technologies that helps to meet the requirement by such services to radio network capacity. Resource management schemes such as power control, handoff and channel reservation/assignment are also essential for providing the seamless services with high quality. Smart antenna techniques will help to enhance the capability of resource management through more efficient and flexible use of resources. In this thesis, adaptive array and switched beam antenna techniques are compared in terms of algorithm, performance, complexity and hardware requirements. Based on these comparisons, sub-optimal code gate algorithm are most likely the suitable algorithms for next generation code division multiple access (CDMA) systems due to its good performances, robustness, and low complexity. A multi-cell CDMA simulator is developed for investigating the gain from smart antenna techniques in both bit error rate (BER) performance improvement and enhancement to resource management schemes. Our study shows that smart antenna techniques can significantly improve the performance of the system and help to build more powerful and flexible resource management schemes. With eight array elements, the system capacity can be increased by a factor of four. Power control command rates can be reduced through the tradeoff with the interference reduction by smart antennas. Smart antennas will also reduce handover failure rates and further increase the system capacity by reducing the resources reserved for soft handover.



Wireless Communications, Resource Management, Wideband CDMA, Smart Antenna, Simulation