Effects of high temperature and disinfectants on the viability of Sarcocystis neurona sporocysts


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American Society of Parasitology


The effect of moist heat and several disinfectants on Sarcocystis neurona sporocysts was investigated. Sporocysts (4 million) were suspended in water and heated to 50, 55, 60, 65, and 70 C for various times and were then bioassayed in interferon gamma gene knockout (KO) mice. Sporocysts heated to 50 C for 60 min and 55 C for 5 min were infective to KO mice, whereas sporocysts heated to 55 C for 15 min and 60 C or more for I min were rendered noninfective to mice. Treatment with bleach (10, 20, and 100%), 2% chlorhexidine, 1% betadine, 5% o-benzyl-p-chlorophenol, 12.56% phenol, 6% benzyl ammonium chloride, and 10% formalin was not effective in killing sporocysts. Treatment with undiluted ammonium hydroxide (29.5% ammonia) for 1 hr killed sporocysts, but treatment with a 10-fold dilution (2.95% ammonia) for 6 hr did not kill sporocysts. These data indicate that heat treatment is the most effective means of killing S. neurona sporocysts in the horse feed or in the environment.



equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, opossums didelphis-virginiana, experimental induction, infections, raccoons, mice, parasitology


J. P. Dubey, W. J. Saville, C. Sreekumar, S. K. Shen, D. S. Lindsay, H. F. Pena, M. C. Vianna, S. M. Gennari, and S. M. Reed (2002). "Effects of High Temperature and Disinfectants on the Viability of Sarcocystis neurona Sporocysts," Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. 1252-1254. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[1252:EOHTAD]2.0.CO;2