The effects a novel extracapsular suture technique (lateral extracapsular suture system or LESSa) on the kinematics of the cranial cruciate deficient stifle
Objective: To evaluate the relative position of the femur and tibia in cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) intact stifles, CCL deficient stifles, and stifles following a novel extracapsular procedure (lateral extracapsular suture system or LESSa) under load at specific joint angles.
Study Design: In vitro biomechanical study.
Methods: Twenty pelvic limbs from 11 dogs were used to evaluate the relative position of the femur and tibia between 3 stifle conditions (CCL intact, CCL deficient, and LESSa treated) at a load of 30 % and stifle angles of 125", 135", and 145" using electromagnetic tracking sensors.
Results: Cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifles had significantly greater (p <0.0001) cranial displacement and internal rotation of the tibia relative to the femur than CCL intact stifles or LESSa treated stifles at all stifle angles. Cranial displacement of the tibia relative to the femur for CCL intact and LESSa treated were not significantly different from one another at stifle angles of 125", but were significantly different at stifle angles of 135" (p = 0.0182) and 145" (p = 0.0012). There was no significant difference in internal rotation of the tibia relative to the femur between CCL intact and LESSa treated stifles at any of the stifle angles.
Conclusion: LESSa effectively decreases cranial tibial displacement and eliminates internal rotation of the tibia relative