Combinatory Finite Element and Artificial Neural Network Model for Predicting Performance of Thermoelectric Generator
Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are rapidly becoming the mainstream technology for converting thermal energy into electrical energy. The rise in the continuous deployment of TEGs is related to advancements in materials, figure of merit, and methods for module manufacturing. However, rapid optimization techniques for TEGs have not kept pace with these advancements, which presents a challenge regarding tailoring the device architecture for varying operating conditions. Here, we address this challenge by providing artificial neural network (ANN) models that can predict TEG performance on demand. Out of the several ANN models considered for TEGs, the most efficient one consists of two hidden layers with six neurons in each layer. The model predicted TEG power with an accuracy of ±0.1 W, and TEG efficiency with an accuracy of ±0.2%. The trained ANN model required only 26.4 ms per data point for predicting TEG performance against the 6.0 minutes needed for the traditional numerical simulations.
Scholarly Works, Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS)
Scholarly Works, Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS)
Scholarly Works, Mechanical Engineering
Strategic Growth Area: Economical and Sustainable Materials (ESM)