Analyzing and Classifying Neural Dynamics from Intracranial Electroencephalography Signals in Brain-Computer Interface Applications
Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) that rely on motor imagery currently allow subjects to control quad-copters, robotic arms, and computer cursors. Recent advancements have been made possible because of breakthroughs in fields such as electrical engineering, computer science, and neuroscience. Currently, most real-time BCIs use hand-crafted feature extractors, feature selectors, and classification algorithms. In this work, we explore the different classification algorithms currently used in electroencephalographic (EEG) signal classification and assess their performance on intracranial EEG (iEEG) data. We first discuss the motor imagery task employed using iEEG signals and find features that clearly distinguish between different classes. Second, we compare the different state-of-the-art classifiers used in EEG BCIs in terms of their error rate, computational requirements, and feature interpret-ability. Next, we show the effectiveness of these classifiers in iEEG BCIs and last, show that our new classification algorithm that is designed to use spatial, spectral, and temporal information reaches performance comparable to other state-of-the-art classifiers while also allowing increased feature interpret-ability.