Single Straight Steel Fiber Pullout Characterization in Ultra-High Performance Concrete

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Virginia Tech

This thesis presents results of an experimental investigation to characterize single straight steel fiber pullout in Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC). Several parameters were explored including the distance of fibers to the edge of specimen, distance between fibers, and fiber volume in the matrix. The pullout load versus slip curve was recorded, from which the pullout work and maximum pullout load for each series of parameters were obtained. The curves were fitted to an existing fiber pullout model considering bond-fracture energy, Gd, bond frictional stress, 𝛕0, and slip hardening-softening coefficient, 𝜷. The representative load-slip curve characterizing the fiber pullout behavior will be implemented into a computational modeling protocol, for concrete structures, based on Lattice Discrete Particle Modeling (LDPM). The parametric study showed that distances over 12.7 mm from the edge of the specimen have no significant effect on the maximum pullout load and work. Edge distances of 3.2 mm decreased the average pullout work by 26% and the maximum pullout load by 24% for mixes with 0% fiber volume. The distance between fibers did not have a significant effect on the pullout behavior within this study. Slight differences in pullout behavior between the 2% and 4% fiber volumes were observed including slight increase in the maximum pullout load when increasing fiber volume. The suggested fitted parameters for modeling with 2% and 4% fiber volumes are a bond-fracture energy value of zero, a bond friction coefficient of 2.6 N/mm² and 2.9 N/mm² and a slip-hardening coefficient of 0.21 and 0.18 respectively.

fiber pullout, proximity effect, Ultra-High Performance Concrete, bond slip