Effects of Menu Labeling Policies on Transnational Restaurant Chains to Promote a Healthy Diet: A Scoping Review to Inform Policy and Research

dc.contributor.authorRincón-Gallardo Patiño, Sofíaen
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Mien
dc.contributor.authorda Silva Gomes, Fabioen
dc.contributor.authorLemaire, Robin Hargroderen
dc.contributor.authorHedrick, Valisa E.en
dc.contributor.authorSerrano, Elena L.en
dc.contributor.authorKraak, Vivicaen
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-29T12:00:34Zen
dc.date.available2020-05-29T12:00:34Zen
dc.date.issued2020-05-26en
dc.date.updated2020-05-28T14:08:20Zen
dc.description.abstractThere is insufficient evidence that restaurant menu labeling policies are cost-effective strategies to reduce obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Evidence suggests that menu labeling has a modest effect on calories purchased and consumed. No review has been published on the effect of menu labeling policies on transnational restaurant chains globally. This study conducted a two-step scoping review to map and describe the effect of restaurant menu labeling policies on menu reformulation. First, we identified national, state, and municipal menu labeling policies in countries from global databases. Second, we searched four databases (i.e., PubMed, CINHAL/EBSCO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) for peer-reviewed studies and gray-literature sources in English and Spanish (2000–2020). Step 1 identified three voluntary and eight mandatory menu labeling policies primarily for energy disclosures for 11 upper-middle and high-income countries, but none for low- or middle-income countries. Step 2 identified 15 of 577 studies that met the inclusion criteria. The analysis showed reductions in energy for newly introduced menu items only in the United States. We suggesr actions for governments, civil society organizations, and the restaurant businesses to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive menu labeling policies to determine whether these may reduce obesity and NCD risks worldwide.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationRincón-Gallardo P., S.; Zhou, M.; Da Silva Gomes, F.; Lemaire, R.; Hedrick, V.; Serrano, E.; Kraak, V.I. Effects of Menu Labeling Policies on Transnational Restaurant Chains to Promote a Healthy Diet: A Scoping Review to Inform Policy and Research. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1544.en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061544en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/98602en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectfood labelingen
dc.subjectmenu labelingen
dc.subjectnutrition declarationen
dc.subjectfood and nutrition policyen
dc.subjectrestaurant chainsen
dc.subjectreformulationen
dc.subjectserving sizeen
dc.subjectenergyen
dc.subjectObesityen
dc.titleEffects of Menu Labeling Policies on Transnational Restaurant Chains to Promote a Healthy Diet: A Scoping Review to Inform Policy and Researchen
dc.title.serialNutrientsen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.dcmitypeStillImageen
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