Random Access Control In Massive Cellular Internet of Things: A Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Approach

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Virginia Tech

Internet of things (IoT) is envisioned as a promising paradigm to interconnect enormous wireless devices. However, the success of IoT is challenged by the difficulty of access management of the massive amount of sporadic and unpredictable user traffics. This thesis focuses on the contention-based random access in massive cellular IoT systems and introduces two novel frameworks to provide enhanced scalability, real-time quality of service management, and resource efficiency. First, a local communication based congestion control framework is introduced to distribute the random access attempts evenly over time under bursty traffic. Second, a multi-agent reinforcement learning based preamble selection framework is designed to increase the access capacity under a fixed number of preambles. Combining the two mechanisms provides superior performance under various 3GPP-specified machine type communication evaluation scenarios in terms of achieving much lower access latency and fewer access failures.

internet-of-things, multi-agent reinforcement learning, massive connectivity, random access