Parasitism of Locally Recruited Egg Parasitoids of the Fall Armyworm in Africa

dc.contributor.authorLaminou, Saidou A.en
dc.contributor.authorBa, Malick Niangoen
dc.contributor.authorKarimoune, Laoualien
dc.contributor.authorDoumma, Alien
dc.contributor.authorMuniappan, Rangaswamy (Muni)en
dc.contributor.departmentIPM Innovation Laben
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-21T15:00:44Zen
dc.date.available2020-08-21T15:00:44Zen
dc.date.issued2020-07-09en
dc.date.updated2020-08-21T13:48:47Zen
dc.description.abstractThe fall armyworm (FAW), <i>Spodoptera frugiperda</i> (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an insect native to the tropical and subtropical Americas that has recently spread to Africa, where it predominately attacks maize, sorghum and other plant species. Biological control is an environmentally friendly way of combatting the pest and contributes to an integrated pest management approach. In Africa, several trichogrammatid parasitoids and <i>Telenomus remus</i> Nixon (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) have been found parasitizing eggs of the FAW. In Niger, the egg parasitoids encountered include <i>Trichogrammatoidea</i> sp. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) and <i>Telenomus remus</i> Nixon. Parasitism of the FAW eggs by the two egg parasitoids was assessed in the laboratory, followed by field testing on sentinel eggs. In the laboratory, <i>T. remus</i> parasitized on average 78% of FAW eggs, compared to 25% for <i>Trichogrammatoidea</i> sp. <i>Telenomus remus</i> was able to parasitize egg masses that were fully covered with scales, while <i>Trichogrammatoidea</i> sp. parasitized only uncovered egg masses. On-farm releases of <i>T. remus</i> in sorghum fields caused up to 64% of FAW egg parasitism. Parasitized eggs yielded viable progeny, which can contribute to FAW egg parasitism build-up during the cropping season. Our findings lay the groundwork for the use of <i>T. remus</i> in augmentative releases against FAW in Africa.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationLaminou, S.A.; Ba, M.N.; Karimoune, L.; Doumma, A.; Muniappan, R. Parasitism of Locally Recruited Egg Parasitoids of the Fall Armyworm in Africa. Insects 2020, 11, 430.en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/insects11070430en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/99807en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectTelenomus remusen
dc.subjectaugmentative releaseen
dc.subjectbiological controlen
dc.subjecttrichogrammatiden
dc.subjectSpodoptera frugiperdaen
dc.subjectfall armywormen
dc.subjectNigeren
dc.subjectSorghumen
dc.titleParasitism of Locally Recruited Egg Parasitoids of the Fall Armyworm in Africaen
dc.title.serialInsectsen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.dcmitypeStillImageen
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