Time-Varying Frequency Selective IQ Imbalance Estimation and Compensation
Direct-Down Conversion (DDC) principle based transceiver architectures are of interest to meet the diverse needs of present and future wireless systems. DDC transceivers have a simple structure with fewer analog components and offer low-cost, flexible and multi-standard solutions. However, DDC transceivers have certain circuit impairments affecting their performance in wide-band, high data rate and multi-user systems.
IQ imbalance is one of the problems of DDC transceivers that limits their image rejection capabilities. Compensation techniques for frequency independent IQI arising due to gain and phase mismatches of the mixers in the I/Q paths of the transceiver have been widely discussed in the literature. However for wideband multi-channel transceivers, it is becoming increasingly important to address frequency dependent IQI arising due to mismatches in the analog I/Q lowpass filters.
A hardware-efficient and standard independent digital estimation and compensation technique for frequency dependent IQI is introduced which is also capable of tracking time-varying IQI changes. The technique is blind and adaptive in nature, based on the second order statistical properties of complex random signals such as properness/circularity.
A detailed performance analysis of the introduced technique is executed through computer simulations for various real-time operating scenarios. A novel technique for finding the optimal number of taps required for the adaptive IQI compensation filter is proposed and the performance of this technique is validated. In addition, a metric for the measure of properness is developed and used for error power and step size analysis.