Spiking Neural Network with Memristive Based Computing-In-Memory Circuits and Architecture

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Virginia Tech


In recent years neuromorphic computing systems have achieved a lot of success due to its ability to process data much faster and using much less power compared to traditional Von Neumann computing architectures. There are two main types of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Feedforward Neural Network (FNN) and Recurrent Neural Network (RNN). In this thesis we first study the types of RNNs and then move on to Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs). SNNs are an improved version of ANNs that mimic biological neurons closely through the emission of spikes. This shows significant advantages in terms of power and energy when carrying out data intensive applications by allowing spatio-temporal information processing.

On the other hand, emerging non-volatile memory (eNVM) technology is key to emulate neurons and synapses for in-memory computations for neuromorphic hardware. A particular eNVM technology, memristors, have received wide attention due to their scalability, compatibility with CMOS technology and low power consumption properties. In this work we develop a spiking neural network by incorporating an inter-spike interval encoding scheme to convert the incoming input signal to spikes and use a memristive crossbar to carry out in-memory computing operations. We develop a novel input and output processing engine for our network and demonstrate the spatio-temporal information processing capability. We demonstrate an accuracy of a 100% with our design through a small-scale hardware simulation for digit recognition and demonstrate an accuracy of 87% in software through MNIST simulations.



Neuromorphic Computing, Spiking Neural Network, Reservoir Computing, Pattern Recognition, Digit Recognition, Memristor, Computing-In-Memory, LIF Neuron