Array Processing for Mobile Wireless Communication in the 60 GHz Band

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Virginia Tech


In 2001, the Federal Communications Commission made available a large block of spectrum known as the 60 GHz band. The 60 GHz band is attractive because it provides the opportunity of multi-Gbps data rates with unlicensed commercial use. One of the main challenges facing the use of this band is poor propagation characteristics including high path loss and strong attenuation due to oxygen absorption. Antenna arrays have been proposed as a means of combating these effects. This thesis provides an analysis of array processing for communication systems operating in the 60 GHz band. Based on measurement campaigns at 60 GHz, deterministic modeling of the channel through ray tracing is proposed. We conduct a site-specific study using ray tracing to model an outdoor and an indoor environment on the Virginia Tech campus. Because arrays are required for antenna gain and adaptability, we explore the use of arrays as a form of equalization in the presence of channel-induced intersymbol interference. The first contribution of this thesis is to establish the expected performance achieved by arrays in the outdoor environment. The second contribution is to analyze the performance of adaptive algorithms applied to array processing in mobile indoor and outdoor environments.



communications, array processing, 60 GHz band, channel estimation, tracking, convergence, coherence time