Nutrient Restriction Effects on Ovulatory Follicle and Corpus Luteum Development and Progesterone Production of Bos taurus Cows

dc.contributor.authorCraun, Hannah Graceen
dc.contributor.committeechairMercadante, Vitor Rodriques Gomesen
dc.contributor.committeechairGreiner, Scott P.en
dc.contributor.committeememberEaly, Alan Daleen
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen
dc.description.abstractEstablishment and maintenance of pregnancy is a central concern to the cattle industry, as it strongly impacts efficiency and profitability of beef cow-calf operations. The objective of this study was to determine if nutrient restriction impacts ovulatory follicle size and corpus luteum (CL) development and function of Bos taurus cows enrolled in estrous synchronization. A total of 26 Angus cows were housed in a facility equipped with a Calan gate system for individual animal intake. Cows were stratified by body weight (BW), and randomly assigned one of two nutritional treatments: 1) 100% of nutrient requirements (MTN; n=13) or 2) 70% of nutrient requirements (REST; n=13). Individual daily intakes were measured and adjusted weekly based on BW. Cattle underwent an acclimation period of 14 days and were exposed to nutritional treatments for 30 days prior to estrous synchronization. Body weight was measured daily using an automated scale and a conventional livestock scale at the beginning and end of the experiment. Cows were synchronized using a 7-day CO-synch + CIDR protocol beginning on day -10. Ultrasonography of the ovaries was performed at each event of the estrous synchronization protocol on days -10, -3, 0, 5, and 7. Blood samples were taken on days -10, -3, and daily from day 0 through 7 to observe changes in progesterone (P4). Data were analyzed as repeated measures using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Initial BW tended to differ between treatments (P = 0.07; MTN 597 ± 32 kg, REST 604 ± 32 kg), but MTN had greater final BW (P < 0.001; 687 ± 24 and 556 ± 27 kg, respectively) and greater average daily gain (1.35 ± 0.18 and -0.72 ± 0.21 kg/d, respectively, P < 0.001) than REST. Diameter of the largest follicle was similar (P = 0.851) between treatments at CIDR insertion (12.6 ± 0.6 mm) and CIDR removal (12.9 ± 0.4 mm) but was greater (P < 0.05) for MTN than REST cows at 60 hrs after CIDR removal (14.01 ± 0.6 and 12.37 ± 0.5 mm, respectively). Volume of CL was similar (P > 0.1) at 5 (3211 ± 113 mm3) and 7 (5280.3 ± 212 mm3) days after ovulation. Concentration of P4 did not differ on days -10, -3, or 0-5. However, on days 6 and 7, P4 was greater (P < 0.05) for MTN than REST (2.07 ± 0.15 and 1.65 ± 0.15, and 2.27 ± 0.15 and 1.83 ± 0.15 ng/mL, respectively). In conclusion, nutrient restriction to 70% of maintenance during estrous synchronization negatively affects diameter of the ovulatory follicle and circulating P4, but it did not affect CL volume in multiparous Bos taurus beef cows.en
dc.description.abstractgeneralEnsuring successful pregnancy in beef cow-calf operations is crucial for the efficiency and profitability of the cattle industry. This study investigates the effects of nutrient restriction on ovulatory follicle size and corpus luteum (CL) volume in Angus cows undergoing estrous synchronization. A total of 26 cows were subjected to either a maintenance diet meeting 100% of nutrient requirements (MTN) or a diet providing 70% of nutrient requirements (REST). Intakes were updated weekly using computer software. The cows underwent a 30-day nutritional treatment before synchronization of ovulation. Results revealed that cows on the maintenance diet exhibited greater final body weight and average daily gain compared to those on the restricted diet. While estrus expression showed a numerical increase in MTN cows, the impact was not statistically significant. Analysis of ovulatory follicle size demonstrated that MTN cows had larger follicles 60 hours after synchronization compared to REST cows. Surprisingly, corpus luteum volume did not differ between the two groups at 5 and 7 days after ovulation. Additionally, circulating progesterone (P4) levels were affected by nutrient restriction, with notable differences observed on days 6 and 7. In summary, nutrient restriction during ovulation synchronization negatively influenced ovulatory follicle size and P4 levels, but did not affect corpus luteum volume in mature Angus cows. These findings contribute valuable insights for the cattle industry, emphasizing the importance of proper nutrition for optimal reproductive health in beef cows.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subjectcorpus luteumen
dc.titleNutrient Restriction Effects on Ovulatory Follicle and Corpus Luteum Development and Progesterone Production of Bos taurus Cowsen
dc.typeThesisen and Poultry Sciencesen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen of Scienceen


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