Pseudomonas coronafaciens sp. nov., a new phytobacterial species diverse from Pseudomonas syringae

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We propose Pseudomonas coronafaciens sp. nov. as a new species in genus Pseudomonas, which is diverse from P. syringae. We also classified strains from onions which are responsible for yellow bud (YB) disease as P. coronafaciens. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene and multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) of housekeeping genes (gyrB, rpoD, gltA and gap1 genes) for the P. syringae pv. coronafaciens strains along with other strains of P. syringae pathovars resulted in a distinct cluster separate from other P. syringae pathovars. Based on DNA-DNA relatedness, pathotype strain of P. syringae pv. coronafaciens (CFBP 2216(PT)) exhibited <= 35.5% similarity with the pathotype strains of P. syringae pv. syringae (CFBP 1392(PT), 4702(T)) but exhibited >= 90.6% with the YB strains (YB 12-1, YB 12-4, YB 09-1). Also, the YB strains (YB 12-1, YB 12-4, YB 09-1) were able to infect only onion but not oat, rye and Italian ryegrass (common hosts for P. syrinage pv. coronafaciens). Contrastingly, P. syringae pv. coronafaciens strains (NCPPB 600(PT), ATCC 19608, Pcf 83-300) produced typical halo blight symptoms on oat, rye and Italian rye grass but did not produce any symptoms on onion. These results provide evidence that P. syringae pv. coronafaciens should be elevated to a species level and the new YB strains may potentially be a novel pathovar of hereto proposed P. coronafaciens species.