Thermomechanical Modeling of Oxidation Effects in Porous Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics

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Virginia Tech


The effects of oxidation in the thermomechanical response of porous titanium diboride have been investigated. An in-house quasi-static material point method tool was used to perform two -dimensional plane strain simulations on unoxidized hexagonal representative volume elements (RVEs) with macroporosity volume fractions of 10%, 40% and 70% to establish a baseline for the response due to geometric effects. Compressive strains of up to 30% were applied at room temperature. The 10% and 40% RVEs showed shear banding and subsequent shear failure of the inter-pore struts, while shear banding in 70% RVE weakened the struts, which lead to buckling failure. A snapshot oxidation model was then applied to the hexagonal RVEs in place of a transient, diffusion-based oxidation solver. Compressive strain simulations were performed on RVEs with oxide layers ranging from 5 to 50 μm. In RVEs with porosity of 40% or higher, oxide percolation in the struts reduced the effective elastic modulus and compressive strength, though further oxidation beyond the percolation point did not have a significant impact. Ramped and cyclic thermal loads were applied and the damage due to thermal expansion coefficient mismatch at the oxide-substrate interface decreased as the oxide layer was increased. Finally, the snapshot oxidation modeling approach was applied to large porous RVEs derived from micro-computed tomography images of titanium diboride foam. The effective elastic modulus decreased by 47% when the 5 μm layer was applied due to many thin, flexible struts becoming fully oxidized. Subsequent oxidation did not have a significant impact on the thermomechanical response.



Oxidation, Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics, Macroporosity, Material Point Method, Titanium Diboride