Active control of broadband acoustic radiation from structures

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Virginia Tech


Active Structural Acoustic Control (ASAC) has been previously demonstrated for systems excited by single and multiple frequency disturbances. This work is an extension of ASAC techniques to the control of sound radiation from structures excited by a disturbance with broadband frequency content. An adaptive, multi-input multi-output (MIMO), feedforward broadband acoustic control system has been developed. The control approach is the least mean squares (LMS) algorithm. The compensators are adaptive finite impulse response (FIR) digital filters. The system identification of the control loop transfer functions were implemented with infinite impulse response (IIR) digital filters. The control inputs were implemented with piezoelectric ceramic actuators (PZT). Both far-field microphones and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) structural sensors designed to optimally control the efficient acoustic radiating modes were used as error sensors. The disturbance was band-limited zero mean white noise and was input with a point force shaker. In the control of harmonically excited systems, satisfactory attenuation is possible with a single-input single-output (SISO) controller. In contrast, for Systems excited with broadband disturbances, a MIMO controller is necessary for significant acoustic attenuation. Experimental results for the control of two simplySupported plates are presented. Aspects addressed include the evaluation of the microphone and PVDF error sensors, optimization of sensors and actuators, FIR compensator size, controller sample rate, and convergence time. Thus this work provides a methodology for controlling broadband acoustic radiation from a structure with regard to the practical aspects of ASAC.