Capture filtration for concentration and detection of selected microorganisms in milk

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Virginia Tech


The effectiveness of an adsorption filter in retaining bacteria present in milk was examined. Skim milk and whole milk (100ml) were separately filtered through a 47mm adsorption filter. No significant change in total solids, total fat, and solids-not-fat percentages of skim and whole milk permeates was observed after filtration. Adsorption of Pseudomonas fluorescens at target concentrations of 103 , 102 , and 101 cells/ml was determined in 100ml of dairy standard methods buffer, nutrient broth, whole milk, and skim milk. The average percentage bacterial retentions were 95 ± 5.5%, 95 ± 2.6%, 28 ± 22.1%, and 62 ± 15.5%, respectively.

A treatment was developed for milk to increase the bacterial retention of ~ fluorescens after filtration. The preferred treatment for 100ml of skim milk involved the following final concentrations (v/v): 0.80% disodium ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid, 0.02% sodium dodecyl sulfate, pH to 7.5 with 1N sodium hydroxide. The average bacterial retention of ~ fluorescens using the treatment was 91 ± 7.1%. Enumeration of bacteria adsorbed to the filter was then conducted using impedance microbiology. When milk was inoculated with ~ fluorescens at target concentrations of 103 , 102 , and 101 cells/ml, an average log bacterial increase of 1.4 ± 0.1 (25x) was obtained. This method will allow for rapid detection of microorganisms in milk by increasing microbial load in the tested sample and eliminating the need for pre-enrichment.