A wide-range axial-flow compressor stage performance model

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Virginia Tech


Dynamic compression system response is a major concern in the operability of aircraft gas turbine engines. Computer models have been developed to predict compressor response to changing operating conditions. These models require a knowledge of the steady state operating characteristics as inputs, which limits the ability to use them as predicting tools.

The full range of dynamic axial flow compressor operation spans forward and reversed flow conditions. A model for predicting the wide flow range characteristics of axial flow compressor stages has been developed and a parametric study of the effect of changing design variables on steady state performance has been conducted. This model was applied to a 3-stage, low speed compressor with very favorable results and to a 10-stage, high speed compressor with mixed results.

Conclusions were made regarding the inception of stalling and the effects associated with operating a stage in a multistage environment. It was also concluded that there are operating points of an isolated compressor stage that are not attainable when that stage is operated in a multi-stage environment. A stage located in a multi-stage environment can also operate at points which cannot be reached when the stage is operated in isolation.