Hydrological connectivity of hillslopes and streams: Characteristic time scales and nonlinearities

dc.contributor.authorMcGuire, Kevin J.en
dc.contributor.authorMcDonnell, J. J.en
dc.contributor.departmentForest Resources and Environmental Conservationen
dc.contributor.departmentVirginia Water Resources Research Centeren
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-12T01:34:07Zen
dc.date.available2017-01-12T01:34:07Zen
dc.date.issued2010-10-30en
dc.description.abstractSubsurface flow from hillslopes is widely recognized as an important contributor to streamflow generation; however, processes that control how and when hillslopes connect to streams remain unclear. We investigated stream and hillslope runoff dynamics through a wet‐up period in watershed 10 of the H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest in the western Cascades of Oregon where the riparian zone has been removed by debris flows. We examined the controls on hillslope‐stream connectivity on the basis of observations of hydrometric, stable isotope, and applied tracer responses and computed transit times for multiple runoff components for a series of storms during the wet‐up phase of the 2002–2003 winter rainy season. Hillslope discharge was distinctly threshold‐like with a near linear response and average quick flow ratio of 0.58 when antecedent rainfall was greater than 20 mm. Hillslope and stream stormflow varied temporally and showed strong hysteretic relationships. Event water mean transit times (8–34 h) and rapid breakthrough from applied hillslope tracer additions demonstrated that subsurface contributing areas extend far upslope during events. Despite rapid hillslope transport processes during events, soil water and runoff mean transit times during nonstorm conditions were greater than the time scale of storm events. Soil water mean transit times ranged between 10 and 25 days. Hillslope seepage and catchment base flow mean transit times were between 1 and 2 years. We describe a conceptual model that captures variable physical flow pathways, their synchronicity, threshold activation, hysteresis, and transit times through changing antecedent wetness conditions that illustrate the different stages of hillslope and stream connectivity.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.extent? - ? (17) page(s)en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1029/2010WR009341en
dc.identifier.issn0043-1397en
dc.identifier.orcidMcGuire, Kevin J. [0000-0001-5751-3956]en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/74264en
dc.identifier.volume46en
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.publisherAmer Geophysical Unionen
dc.relation.urihttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000283776800001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=930d57c9ac61a043676db62af60056c1en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectLimnologyen
dc.subjectWater Resourcesen
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences & Ecologyen
dc.subjectMarine & Freshwater Biologyen
dc.subjectSMALL FORESTED CATCHMENTen
dc.subjectHYDROGRAPH SEPARATIONSen
dc.subjectRIPARIAN ZONESen
dc.subjectRUNOFF GENERATIONen
dc.subjectSUBSURFACE FLOWen
dc.subjectCANADIAN SHIELDen
dc.subjectWESTERN OREGONen
dc.subjectUNCHANNELED CATCHMENTen
dc.subjectSTORMFLOW GENERATIONen
dc.subjectTOPOGRAPHIC CONTROLSen
dc.titleHydrological connectivity of hillslopes and streams: Characteristic time scales and nonlinearitiesen
dc.title.serialWATER RESOURCES RESEARCHen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Natural Resources & Environmenten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Natural Resources & Environment/CNRE T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Natural Resources & Environment/Water Resources Research Centeren
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