Implementation of Design Failure Modes and Effects Analysis for Hybrid Vehicle Systems


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Virginia Tech


An increase emphasis has been placed on the automotive industry to develop advanced technology vehicles which meet increasing strict government regulations and standards for emissions and fuel economy while maintaining the safety, performance, and consumer appeal of the vehicle. In response to these requirements, hybrid and electric vehicle technologies have become more complex as the necessity for vehicles with an overall better environmental impact. Modern engineers must understand the current methods used to analyze and evaluate risk with the new hybrid technologies to ensure the continued customer satisfaction and safety while meeting new government and agency standards.

The primary goal of this work is to maintain consistent definitions, standards, and protocols for risk analysis using design failure modes and effects analysis. Throughout the entire automotive sector there exist standards for risk analysis and methods for analysis, however these models can be difficult to relate to the atmosphere under which educational competitions occur. The motor system case study within this work aims to allow the process for DFMEA to be simple and easily implemented and understood when it is appropriate to start. After defining the model, an electric motor system for hybrid vehicle is analyzed for mechanical and inverter system risks. The end result being a 32% reduction in motor system risk due to recommended actions for mitigating top motor systems risks for future motor system design and implementation, all to meet customer requirements. This work aims to provide an additional tool that when implemented will accelerate the next generation of automotive engineers.



hybrid electric vehicle, risk management, failure modes and effects analysis, customer requirements, electric motor system