Reversible to irreversible transitions in periodically driven skyrmion systems

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Institute of Physics Publishing


We examine skyrmions driven periodically over random quenched disorder and show that there is a transition from reversible motion to a state in which the skyrmion trajectories are chaotic or irreversible. We find that the characteristic time required for the system to organize into a steady reversible or irreversible state exhibits a power law divergence near a critical ac drive period, with the same exponent as that observed for reversible to irreversible transitions in periodically sheared colloidal systems, suggesting that the transition can be described as an absorbing phase transition in the directed percolation universality class. We compare our results to the behavior of an overdamped system and show that the Magnus term enhances the irreversible behavior by increasing the number of dynamically accessible orbits. We discuss the implications of this work for skyrmion applications involving the long time repeatable dynamics of dense skyrmion arrays. © 2019 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Institute of Physics and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.



nonequilibrium phase transition, skyrmion, superconducting vortex