A Role for Inositol Pyrophosphates in Arabidopsis Defense Against Herbivorous Insects

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Date
2024-03-12
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Publisher
Virginia Tech
Abstract

Inositol pyrophosphates (PP-InsPs) are a family of molecules recently discovered to be implicated in a number of plant pathways such as auxin regulation, phosphate (Pi) sensing, and jasmonate-(JA)-regulated plant defense. Transgenic plants that overexpress inositol tetrakisphosphate 1-kinase (ITPK1) and the kinase domain of the dual domain diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinase 2 (VIP2KD) have been previously studied to display uniquely elevated PP-InsPs. Here it is reported that the JA defense pathway is constitutively upregulated in VIP2KD OX plants, resulting in a lower rate of herbivory on the transgenic plants. ITPK1 OX, although also having elevated PP-InsPs, was fed upon by insect larvae comparably to Wild-Type Arabidopsis (WT). The data implicate VIP2, InsP8, and possibly the PP-InsP biosynthesis as a whole.

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Keywords
Inositol pyrophosphates, Arabidopsis thaliana, insect resistance
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