Metalloporphyrins as Tools for Deciphering the Role of Heme Oxygenase in Renal Immune Injury

Files

TR Number

Date

2023-04-06

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI

Abstract

Renal immune injury is a frequent cause of end-stage renal disease, and, despite the progress made in understanding underlying pathogenetic mechanisms, current treatments to preserve renal function continue to be based mainly on systemic immunosuppression. Small molecules, naturally occurring biologic agents, show considerable promise in acting as disease modifiers and may provide novel therapeutic leads. Certain naturally occurring or synthetic Metalloporphyrins (Mps) can act as disease modifiers by increasing heme oxygenase (HO) enzymatic activity and/or synthesis of the inducible HO isoform (HO-1). Depending on the metal moiety of the Mp employed, these effects may occur in tandem or can be discordant (increased HO-1 synthesis but inhibition of enzyme activity). This review discusses effects of Mps, with varying redox-active transitional metals and cyclic porphyrin cores, on mechanisms underlying pathogenesis and outcomes of renal immune injury.

Description

Keywords

Citation

Lianos, E.A.; Detsika, M.G. Metalloporphyrins as Tools for Deciphering the Role of Heme Oxygenase in Renal Immune Injury. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2023, 24, 6815.