Empirical Approch For Rate Selection In MIMO OFDM

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Virginia Tech

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is fast gaining ground as a preferred modulation technique for short range wireless data application such as 802.11a/g, 802.15.3a and 802.16. Recently, use of multiple transmit and receive antenna for improving spectral efficiency in a wireless system has received much interest. IEEE 802.11 has set up the Work Group 802.11n to develop a standard for enhanced rate 802.11 based on OFDM using Multi Input/Multiple Output (MIMO) techniques. The most dominant proposal is the use of singular value decomposition based MIMO methods to achieve the high data rate.

The selection of modulation and coding rates plays a significant role in the overall throughput of the system, more so in cases where the traffic between the transmitter and the receiver consists of short bursts and the user location is not fixed. The performance of a given modulation and coding technique depends on the channel condition. Closed form or bounding solutions exists for various modulation and coding techniques. But these techniques are not suitable for real time application where the channel is dynamic.

The approach taken in this thesis is to decouple frequency selective MIMO OFDM channel into orthogonal spatial and frequency domains channels using Fast Fourier Transforms and Singular Value Decomposition. The channels can be viewed as parallel flat fading channels for which the expected BER rate can be computed. A SNR-BER table is used to efficiently compute the performance efficiently. An effective SNR is computed using the table and compared with rate threshold to select a suitable rate. Improvements of 15 dB and above are shown the link budget while using a four transmit four receive MIMO system.

Proposed 802.11n TGn Sync physical layer standard is used to evaluate the performance. The performance in case of one of the systems being a legacy 802.11a/g nodes is also looked into. Gains up to 7 dB are shown in the link budget.

MIMO, OFDM, SVD, 802.11n TGn Sync, Frequency fading