Characterization of Non-Nutritive Sweetener Intake in Rural Southwest Virginian Adults Living in a Health-Disparate Region

dc.contributor.authorHedrick, Valisa E.en
dc.contributor.authorPassaro, Erin M.en
dc.contributor.authorDavy, Brenda M.en
dc.contributor.authorYou, Wenen
dc.contributor.authorZoellner, Jamie M.en
dc.contributor.departmentAgricultural and Applied Economicsen
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen
dc.contributor.departmentFralin Life Sciences Instituteen
dc.coverage.countryUnited Statesen
dc.coverage.stateVirginiaen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-10T18:50:06Zen
dc.date.available2018-01-10T18:50:06Zen
dc.date.issued2017-07-01en
dc.description.abstractFew data assessing non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) intake are available, especially within rural, health-disparate populations, where obesity and related co-morbidities are prevalent. The objective of this study is to characterize NNS intake for this population and examine the variance in demographics, cardio-metabolic outcomes, and dietary intake between NNS consumers and non-consumers. A cross-sectional sample (n = 301) of Virginian adults from a randomized controlled trial (data collected from 2012 to 2014) targeting sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake completed three 24-h dietary recalls, and demographics and cardio-metabolic measures were assessed. The frequency, types, and sources of NNS consumption were identified. Thirty-three percent of participants reported consuming NNS (n = 100). Sucralose was the largest contributor of mean daily NNS intake by weight (mg), followed by aspartame, acesulfame potassium, and saccharin. NNS in tabletop sweeteners, diet tea, and diet soda were the top contributors to absolute NNS intake. The most frequently consumed NNS sources were diet sodas, juice drinks, and tabletop sweeteners. Although mean body mass index (BMI) was greater for NNS consumers, they demonstrated significantly lower food, beverage, and SSB caloric intake and energy density, and higher overall dietary quality. It remains unclear whether NNS use plays a role in exacerbating weight gain. NNS consumers in this sample may have switched from drinking predominantly SSB to drinking some NNS beverages in an effort to cope with weight gain. Future studies should explore motivations for NNS use across a variety of weight and health categories.en
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.format.extent? - ? (14) page(s)en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu9070757en
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643en
dc.identifier.issue7en
dc.identifier.orcidDavy, BM [0000-0001-5551-2888]en
dc.identifier.orcidYou, W [0000-0003-3240-6526]en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/81680en
dc.identifier.volume9en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.urihttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000406679700113&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=930d57c9ac61a043676db62af60056c1en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectNutrition & Dieteticsen
dc.subjectnon-nutritive sweetenersen
dc.subjectartificial sweetenersen
dc.subjectdietary assessmenten
dc.subjecthuman nutritionen
dc.subjectrural regionen
dc.subjectRANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIALen
dc.subjectHIGH-INTENSITY SWEETENERSen
dc.subjectDIET SODA INTAKEen
dc.subjectBEVERAGE CONSUMPTIONen
dc.subjectBODY-WEIGHTen
dc.subjectPLANNED BEHAVIORen
dc.subjectARTIFICIAL SWEETENERSen
dc.subjectMETABOLIC SYNDROMEen
dc.subjectFOOD-INTAKEen
dc.subjectTASTE RECEPTORSen
dc.titleCharacterization of Non-Nutritive Sweetener Intake in Rural Southwest Virginian Adults Living in a Health-Disparate Regionen
dc.title.serialNutrientsen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Agricultural & Applied Economicsen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/CALS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Human Nutrition, Foods, & Exerciseen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Faculty of Health Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/University Research Institutesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/University Research Institutes/Fralin Life Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/University Research Institutes/Fralin Life Sciences/Fralin Affiliated Facultyen

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