Effect of Levothyroxine Administration on Hemostatic Analytes in Doberman Pinschers with von Willebrand's Disease

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Virginia Tech


This study tested the hypothesis that levothyroxine supplementation increases plasma von Willebrand factor (vWf) concentration and enhances vWf function. The effects of levothyroxine administration were evaluated in 8 euthyroid Doberman Pinschers with plasma vWf concentration <30%. Levothyroxine (0.04mg/kg PO q12hours) and placebo were administered for 30 days in a 2-period, 2-treatment, double-blinded, crossover design with a 30-day washout period between treatments. Buccal mucosal bleeding time (BMBT), vWf antigen concentration (vWf:Ag), vWf collagen binding activity (vWf:CBA), Factor VIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C), serum total thyroxine (T4), free thyroxine (fT4), 3,5,3â -triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid stimulating hormone were measured on days 0, 2, and 30 of each treatment period.

The dogs had markedly low plasma vWf:Ag concentrations (mean 8.9%; reference range 70-180%) and vWf:CBA (mean 11.1%; reference range >70%). All dogs had FVIII:C activity within reference range. The response to placebo versus active levothyroxine treatment revealed no significant differences between groups at any time for BMBT, vWf:Ag, vWf:CBA, and FVIII:C. Serum total thyroxine, fT4, and T3 were significantly higher in the levothyroxine-treated group compared to the placebo group at days 2 and 30. Thyroid stimulating hormone was significantly lower in the levothyroxine-treated group compared to the placebo group at days 2 and 30. Levothyroxine (0.04mg/kg) caused laboratory evidence of hyperthyroidism but did not affect plasma FVIII:C and vWf:Ag concentration or the vWf-dependent functional parameters of collagen binding and BMBT. The results of this study do not reveal a direct action of levothyroxine supplementation on plasma vWf concentration or activity in euthyroid Doberman Pinschers.



levothyroxine, thyroid, canine, von Willebrand's disease, von Willebrand factor