The Effect of Combustor Exit to Nozzle Guide Vane Platform Misalignment on Heat Transfer over an Axisymmetric Endwall at Transonic Conditions

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Virginia Tech

This paper presents details of an experimental and computational investigation on the effect of misalignment between the combustor exit and nozzle guide vane endwall on the heat transfer distribution across an axisymmetric converging endwall. The axisymmetric converging endwall investigated was representative of that found on the shroud side of a first stage turbine nozzle section. The experiment was conducted at a nominal exit M of 0.85 and exit Re 1.5 x 10⁶ with an inlet turbulence intensity of 16%.

The experiment was conducted in a blowdown transonic linear cascade wind tunnel. Two different inlet configurations were investigated. The first configuration, Case I, was representative of a combustor exit aligned to the nozzle platform, with a gap located at the interface of the tow components. The second configuration, Case II, the endwall platform was offset in the span-wise direction to create a backward facing step at the inlet. This step is representative of a misalignment between the combustor exit and the NGV platform. An infrared camera was used to capture the temperature history on the endwall, from which the endwall heat transfer distribution was determined. A numerical study was also conducted by solving RANS equations using ANSYS Fluent v.15. The numerical results provided insight into the passage flow field which explained the observed heat transfer characteristics.

Case I showed the typical characteristics of transonic vane cascade flow, such as the separation line, saddle point, and horseshoe vortices. The presence of a gap at the combustor-nozzle interface facilitated the formation of a separated flow which propagated through the passage. This flow feature caused the passage vortex reattach to the SS vane at 0.44 x/C.

The addition of the platform misalignment in Case II caused the flow reattachment region to occur near the vane LE plane. The separated flow which formed at the inlet step, merged with the recirculation region on the endwall platform, forming two counter-rotating auxiliary vortices. These vortices significantly delayed migration of the passage vortex, causing it to reattach on the SS vane at 0.85 x/C.

These two flow features also had a significant effect on the endwall heat transfer characteristics. The heat transfer levels on the endwall platform, from -0.50 to +0.50 Cx relative to the vane LE, had an average increase of ~40%. However, downstream of the vane mid-passage, the heat transfer levels showed no appreciable heat transfer augmentation due to flow acceleration through the passage throat.

Computational fluid dynamics, Endwall Heat Transfer, Endwall Aerodynamics, Transonic, Experimental Heat Transfer, Gas Turbines, Secondary Flows