Assessment of Formulations for Numerical Solutions of Low Speed, Unsteady, Turbulent Flows over Bluff Bodies
Two algorithms commonly used for solving low-speed flow fields are evaluated using an unsteady turbulent flow formulation. The first algorithm is the method of artificial compressibility which solves the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The second is a preconditioned system for solving the compressible Navier-Stokes equations. Both algorithms have been implemented into GASP Version 4, which is the flow solver used in this investigation. Unsteady numerical simulations of unsteady, 2-D flow over square cylinders are performed with comparisons made to experimental data. Cases studied include both a single-cylinder and a three-cylinder configuration. Two turbulence models are also used in the computations, namely the Spalart-Allmaras model and the Wilcox k-ω (1998) model. The following output data was used for comparison: aerodynamic forces, mean pressure coefficient, Strouhal number, mean velocity magnitude and turbulence intensity. The main results can be summarized as follows. First, the predictions are more sensitive to the turbulence model choice than to the choice of algorithm. The Spalart-Allmaras model overall produced better results with both algorithms than the Wilcox k-ω model. Second, the artificial compressibility algorithm produced slightly more consistent results compared with experiment.