Nutritional value of flat pea hay fed to sheep at different levels

dc.contributor.authorForster, Lance Allenen
dc.contributor.committeechairFontenot, Joseph P.en
dc.contributor.committeememberPerry, H. D.en
dc.contributor.committeememberAllen, Vivien G.en
dc.contributor.committeememberWahlberg, Mark L.en
dc.contributor.committeememberFoster, Joyce G.en
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal Scienceen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:41:03Zen
dc.date.adate2010-07-21en
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:41:03Zen
dc.date.issued1988-03-05en
dc.date.rdate2010-07-21en
dc.date.sdate2010-07-21en
dc.description.abstractTwo experiments were conducted with sheep to determine the nutritional value of 'Lathco' flatpea (Lathyrus sylvestris) hay. In experiment 1, a finishing trial was conducted with 50 group fed crossbred lambs (25 ewes and 25 wethers) fed diets consisting of 70% chopped forage and 30% ground corn grain for 70 d. Five pens of five wethers and five pens of five ewes were selffed diets in which the forage consisted of 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100 proportions of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and flatpea hay. Feed efficiencies decreased linearly (P<.05) as flatpea increased in the diet. Linear decreases (P<.05) were obtained in kidney and pelvic fat, backfat, leg conformation, and yield grade with increased flatpea in the diet. Blood urea-N (BUN), ruminal pH and NH3-N increased (P<.005) as proportion of flatpea increased. Total volatile fatty acid (VFA) and acetate concentration decreased linearly (P<.005) and propionate, isovalerate, and valerate levels increased linearly (P<.01) with increased proportions of flatpea hay. In experiment 2, 30 wether lambs were fed diets consisting of 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100 proportions of chopped alfalfa and flatpea hays in a digestion trial. Neutral detergent fiber (NOE), acid detergent fiber (ADE), cellulose, hemicellulose and energy digestibilities decreased linearly (P<.01) with increased levels of flatpea hay. Nitrogen retention was not different between sheep fed the different diets. Apparent absorbtion and retention of Ca decreased linearly (P<.05) with increased level of flatpea hay Ruminal pH and NHa-N, and BUN increased linearly (P<.OOl) as flatpea was increased in the diet. Ruminal total VEA, acetate and acetate to propionate ratio decreased linearly (P<.001) and propionate, isobutyrate, isovalerate, and valerate levels increased linearly (P<.001) as level of flatpea increased.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.extentxi, 86 leavesen
dc.format.mediumBTDen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.otheretd-07212010-020425en
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-07212010-020425/en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/43855en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V855_1988.F678.pdfen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 18109130en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectPerformanceen
dc.subjectMedicago sativa L.en
dc.subjectLathyrus sylvestrisen
dc.subjectdigestibilityen
dc.subjectlambsen
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1988.F678en
dc.subject.lcshSheep -- Feed utilization efficiencyen
dc.subject.lcshSheep -- Feeding and feedsen
dc.titleNutritional value of flat pea hay fed to sheep at different levelsen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal Scienceen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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