Complicated Post-Partum HELLP Syndrome Causing Acute Renal Failure and a Spontaneous Acute Subdural Hematoma

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HELLP syndrome is characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and thrombocytopenia. It is a devastating illness that typically occurs in the third trimester of gestation. We present a unique case of complicated post-partum HELLP syndrome. The patient was a 34-year-old Caucasian G1PO woman at 40 weeks' gestational age who presented for induction of labor. She underwent successful vaginal delivery. However, postoperatively the patient developed HELLP syndrome complicated by acute renal failure. She was transferred to the intensive care unit, where her renal function continued to decline, ultimately necessitating hemodialysis. She subsequently spontaneously developed an acute subdural hematoma. Most cases of HELLP syndrome occur in the third trimester, whereas fewer manifest post-partum. The pathophysiology of HELLP syndrome is poorly understood. While the defining organ of injury in HELLP syndrome is the liver, both kidney injury and spontaneous subdural hematomas can occur, as seen in this patient. The gold standard therapy for HELLP syndrome is prompt delivery of the fetus. HELLP syndrome continues to be a serious constellation of symptoms that can affect women late in their gestational period. As illustrated in this case report, prompt diagnosis of HELLP syndrome and appropriate management is critical.



HELLP, hemolysis, acute subdural hemaotma, acute renal failure and hemodialysis in icu, acute subdural hematoma