Ultimate Strength of the Local Zone in Load Transfer Tests
Bonetti, Rodolfo Arturo
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An improved equation is presented for the prediction of the ultimate strength of the local zone in Load Transfer Tests. The derivation of this new formulation is the result of the investigation of the ultimate bearing strength of plain and reinforced concrete blocks, concentrically loaded. A total of 199 bearing tests were performed on plain and reinforced concrete prisms to evaluate the variables involved in the bearing problem. A finite element analysis of a typical square block loaded with different bearing areas was performed. Two equations, one for plain concrete and the other for reinforced concrete were derived using the Mohr failure criterion. The performance of the derived equations was evaluated against actual test data. The results of this evaluation showed very good agreement between the predicted ultimate strength and the actual test strength for both plain and reinforced concrete. For plain concrete specimens the ratio Ptest/Ppred was 1.05 with a coefficient of variation of 9 percent. In the case of reinforced concrete blocks the ratio Ptest/Ppred was 1.00 with a coefficient of variation of 14 percent.
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